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Safer Childcare Practitioner Course Outcomes

Chapter 1 - Introduction to Health & Safety

This chapter introduces the subject of Health & Safety in the (Childcare) Workplace, defining important terms, considering basic accident rate figures, and the first consideration of the root causes of most accidents in a Professional Childcare environment including childcare workers and infants in their care.

Learners will be able to:
1. Explain the scope, importance, and benefits of the course
2. Briefly define the meaning of 'Health & Safety in a Workplace'
3. Briefly explore the meaning of Health & Safety in the context of professional childcare
4. Introduce work-related accidents and ill health that can affect childcare practitioners and children in their care
5. Understand why ill health, accidents and near misses occur
6. Introduce the idea of ‘best practice’ and the need for professional standards

Chapter 2 - Childcare Health & Safety Law

This chapter makes learners aware of Health & Safety law applicable in UK Childcare industry. It also outlines guidance that while not directly described in UK Law, are considered important and recommended practice for the childcare industry.

Learners will be able to:
1. Be aware of major H&S legislation affecting childcare and childcare practitioner workplace
2. Understand the specific legal responsibilities of the employer and the employee (or volunteer)
3. Understand how the law is enforced, the agencies involved and their powers (EHO, HSE, Ofsted)
4. Be aware of leading guidance and professional standards (EYFS)
5. Understand the basic meaning of Due Diligence in the context of H&S in Childcare

Chapter 3 - Accident Classification & Reporting

This chapter makes learners aware of how accidents are classified, and what represents a 'near miss' incident. It then goes on to consider the underpinning or root causes of most accidents, and how to report an accident properly.

Learners will be able to:
1. Understand what is meant by the terms accident, incident and near miss
2. Understand what constitutes an unsafe act or unsafe condition
3. Be aware of a range of accidents and incidents that may affect the health or safety of staff and visitors
4. Understand why accidents are recorded and the legal basis and procedures for accident reporting governed by RIDDOR and how to report an incident

Chapter 4 - Risks & Risk Assessment

This chapter covers the various approaches to (and considerations of) risk assessment, considering practical measures to control and limit risk of injury to yourself (childcare practitioner), to colleagues, and children in your care.

Learners will be able to:
1. Understand the meaning of the terms 'hazard', 'risk' and 'severity' in the context of H&S
2. Be able to identify acts or conditions likely to increase the risk to safety
3. Be able to identify appropriate control measures to a range of hazards
4. Understand the basic risk assessment process and how to apply this in a practical context

Chapter 5 - Kitchen Area Hazards

This chapter deals with common accidents in the childcare centre kitchen, and how through good procedures, training, and observation of safe working practises, the risk to safety can be assessed, reduced, and controlled.

Learners will be able to:
1. Be aware of a range of common hazards associated with kitchen environment
2. Understand how design and construction of working environment, maintenance, procedures, training, and use of PPE can be used to reduce the threat of injury
3. Be able to identify measures to reduce safety threats from electricity including portable appliance testing and visual inspections (Emergency procedures for dealing with electric shock covered in a separate chapter)

Chapter 6 - Nursery Environment Hazards

This chapter deals with common accidents involving the nursery environment ie the building and premises where children are cared for and play within. By introducing common injury types it considers how through good procedures, training, and safety guarding, the risk to the safety can be minimised to both the Childcare Practitioners and children in their care.

Learners will be able to:
1. Be aware of (and minimise) a range of hazards associated with the nursery environment
2. Understand how design and layout of the childcare environment plus appropriate maintenance, procedures, training can be used to reduce the threat of injury
3. Be aware of physical and procedural security measures appropriate to prevent the accidental or deliberate removal/loss of children from the premises

Chapter 7 - Play & Play Equipment Hazards

This chapter deals with common accidents involving play activities and play equipment in a professional childcare environment (both in door and out of doors). It also considers how through good procedures, training, and safety guarding, the risk to child safety can be minimised and controlled.

Learners will be able to:
1. Be aware of a range of hazards associated with play activities & equipment
2. Understand basic controls to minimise hazards associated with play activities & equipment
3. Understand how design and construction of play environment, maintenance, training and supervision can reduce the risk of injury to child safety.
4. Understand reporting of a play related accidents and incidents

Chapter 8 - Hazardous Substances

This chapter covers the awareness of potential hazardous substances in a professional childcare environment, including physical hazards, biohazards and chemical hazards (food allergens are in a separate chapter). It also suggests practical approaches to reduce the risk to the Health and Safety from these substances.

Learners will be able to:
1. Be able to identify hazardous substances in the workplace (eg used nappies as biohazards)
2. Understand who should risk assess hazardous substances and the need for COSHH training
3. Introduce the use of appropriate procedures and PPE in limiting the risk of hazardous substances

Chapter 9 - Food, Feeding & Medicines

This chapter considers the importance of safe food preparation, safe feeding, and administering medicines. It also considers food allergies and symptoms and associated emergency First-Aid.

Learners should be able to:
1. Understand basic approaches to preventing food safety incidences (not a replacement for L2)
2. Understand how to prepare food for children and infants (food size, temperature etc)
3. Understand basic emergency approaches to a choking incident
4. Understand food allergies and what to do in an allergy emergency
5. Understand safe working practices with regard to administering medicines

Chapter 10 - Manual Handling (children & heavy objects)

This chapter considers the hazards associated with lifting and otherwise manipulating children and other heavy or bulky items (eg play equipment) in a childcare environment. It then considers how injuries can be reduced or prevented through appropriate risk assessment and good lifting and manipulation techniques.

Learners should be able to:
1. Understand the term Manual Handling and common manual handling injuries in the workplace
2. Understand how the manual handling injuries relating to the lifting and manipulation of children occur, and how injuries can be prevented through risk assessment and good task design and technique
3. Understand an approach to manual handling risk assessment (task, person, load and environment)

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